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A Checklist of the Mammals of Arabuko-Sokoke Forest, Kenya, 2018

Latest version published by A Rocha Kenya on Jan 17, 2019 A Rocha Kenya

Arabuko-Sokoke Forest (ASF) found in Kenya, is the largest coastal forest in eastern Africa. The forest is a biodiversity hotspot of global conservation importance for harbouring many endemic and globally threatened species. We reviewed published literature and used field reports of different mammal expeditions undertaken in ASF to compile a comprehensive checklist of mammal species known to occur in Kenya. A total of 73 species of mammals have been recorded in ASF. The checklist contains the current accepted common and scientific names of mammal species provided by authors who published the six volumes of the Mammals of Africa. The checklist is expected to be updated with additions of new species in future especially when additional surveys and the taxonomic status of small mammals (e.g., bats, shrews and rodents) becomes better understood.

Data Records

The data in this checklist resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 72 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.


Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 72 records in English (7 KB) - Update frequency: unknown
Metadata as an EML file download in English (15 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (11 KB)


The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Jackson C H, Ochieng J, Musila S, Navarro R, Kanga E (2018): A Checklist of the Mammals of Arabuko-Sokoke Forest, Kenya, 2018. v1.3. A Rocha Kenya. Dataset/Checklist.


Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is A Rocha Kenya. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 3ced8421-f421-4e43-a757-75b8fb850960.  A Rocha Kenya publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Participant Node Managers Committee.


Checklist; Mammals; Arabuko-Sokoke Forest; Coastal forest; Kilifi County; Inventoryregional


Who created the resource:

Colin HW Jackson
National Director
A Rocha Kenya Box 383 80202 Beach Road, Plot 28,Watamu KE
Judith Ochieng
Data Clerk
A Rocha Kenya 80202 KE
Simon Musila
Head of Section, Mammalogy
National Museums of Kenya Box 40658 00100 Nairobi KE
Rene Navarro
Information Systems Specialist
FitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology Rondebosch 7701 Cape Town ZA
Erustus Kanga
Senior Assistant Director for Biodiversity, Research and Monitoring
Kenya Wildlife Service KE

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Colin HW Jackson
National Director
A Rocha Kenya Box 383 80202 Beach Road, Plot 28, Watamu KE
Judith Ochieng
Data Clerk
A Rocha Kenya Box 383 80202 Watamu KE

Who filled in the metadata:

Colin HW Jackson
National Director
A Rocha Kenya Box 383 80202 Beach Road, Plot 28, Watamu KE
Judith Ochieng
Data Clerk
A Rocha Kenya Box 383 80202 Beach Road, Plot 28, Watamu KE
Simon Musila
Head of Section, Mammalogy
National Museums of Kenya Box 40658 00100 Nairobi

Who else was associated with the resource:

Lawrence Monda
ICT Manager
National Museums of Kenya Box 40658 00100 Nairobi KE

Geographic Coverage

Restricted to mammals within the boundaries of Arabuko-Sokoke Forest 3° 20’ S 39° 50’ E

Bounding Coordinates South West [-3.505, 39.802], North East [-3.197, 39.998]

Taxonomic Coverage


Class  Mammalia (Mammals)

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 2002-01-01 / 2018-06-01

Project Data

On the north coast of Kenya lies the Arabuko-Sokoke Forest (ASF) and, once contiguous to ASF, the Gede Ruins National Monument forest. A forest locally, nationally and internationally recognised for its threatened forest landscape and unique biodiversity, ASF is a UNESCO biosphere reserve, considered by BirdLife as the second most important forest for threatened bird species conservation on mainland Africa and listed among the coastal forests of eastern Africa hotspot; because of many globally threatened and endemic species. The combined effect of climate-change and socio-economic change in the region poses a high risk to this forest and its biodiversity. Management of the forest has also to accommodate competing conservation demands. In particular, the elephant population is fenced within the forest to mitigate conflict with surrounding communities but has a direct impact on habitat and biodiversity. But, too little evidence currently exists to quantify biodiversity trends and status. Existing data are scattered and often ‘locked up’ in non-digitised or inaccessible digital form. These data could provide significant insights to inform ASF management decisions for biodiversity conservation and research if they were in an accessible format. BID funds would bring together A Rocha Kenya, the National Museum of Kenya (NMK), Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS), Animal Demography Unit of University of Cape Town (ADU), and the Arabuko- Sokoke Forest Guides Association (ASFGA) to access, assess, digitize, engage and improve the data for birds, mammals, invertebrates, reptiles and higher plants in order to inform the management of this important, unique and threatened forest ecosystem.

Title Application of biodiversity monitoring data to resolve competing conservation management priorities in an East African forest landscape
Identifier BID-AF2017-0274-NAC
Funding European Union through GBIF:
Study Area Description Arabuko-Sokoke Forest is the largest remaining patch of indigenous coastal forest in East Africa. It is located just south of Malindi at 03° 20’ S, 39° 50’ E. It predominantly consists of three distinct forest habitat types. Cynometra Forest (c. 23,500 ha) is dominated by Cynometra webberi and Manilkara sulcata; it used also to be dominated by Brachylaena huilliensis but this has been largely selectively removed. The Brachystegia Woodland (c. 7,700 ha) is dominated by Brachystegia spiciformis on white sandy soil. Mixed Forest (c.7,000 ha) occurs on the eastern side and has a diverse tree flora including Afzelia quanzensis (formerly dominant), Hymenaea verrucosa, Combretum schumannii and Manilkara sansibarensis and the cycad Encephalartos hildebrandtii. A series of seasonal wetlands run north-south along the length of the forest where the more clay-rich red soils underlie the permeable white sandy soil of the Brachystegia.
Design Description This checklist contains records of mammals found in Arabuko-Sokoke Forest. The data is from confirmed observations. Other species were recorded through camera trap images and others caught by use of mist nets for example bats. The initial list was compiled in 2002 by Erustus Kanga and since then a few additional species have been appended by Simon Musila of National Museums of Kenya in 2018.

The personnel involved in the project:

Judith Ochieng
Point Of Contact
Lennox Kirao

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers 3ced8421-f421-4e43-a757-75b8fb850960