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A Checklist of the Butterflies of Arabuko-Sokoke Forest, Kenya

Latest version published by A Rocha Kenya on Mar 8, 2019 A Rocha Kenya

Arabuko-Sokoke forest, located south of Gede in Kilifi County, is the largest and most intact coastal forest in East Africa. It is rich in butterfly species with an estimated c.30% of the butterfly species of Kenya recorded within it. This checklist consists of 282 butterfly species (14 records of family Papilionidae, 33 Pieridae, 88 Lycaenidae, 101 Nymphalidae and 46 Hesperiidae) that have been recorded from Arabuko-Sokoke Forest. These data were collected through sight observations, photographs and specimen records, trapped through use of sweep nets or butterfly traps.

Data Records

The data in this checklist resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 282 records. 1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.

  • Taxon (core)
    282
  • VernacularName 
    282

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

Downloads

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 282 records in English (18 KB) - Update frequency: unknown
Metadata as an EML file download in English (15 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (12 KB)

Versions

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Collins S, Jenner D, Jackson C, Ochieng J, Mugalo D (2019): A Checklist of the Butterflies of Arabuko-Sokoke Forest, Kenya. v1.0. A Rocha Kenya. Dataset/Checklist. http://ipt.museums.or.ke/ipt/resource?r=asfbutter2019&v=1.0

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is A Rocha Kenya. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: c22427f2-d592-4e4b-aba8-922b1d45d599.  A Rocha Kenya publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Participant Node Managers Committee.

Keywords

butterflies; checklist; Arabuko-Sokoke; coastal forest; Kilifi County; Inventoryregional

Contacts

Who created the resource:

Steve Collins
Lepidopterist
African Butterfly Research Institute P.O. Box 14308 00800 Nairobi KE
David Jenner
Colin Jackson
National Director
A Rocha Kenya P.O. Box 383 80202 Watamu KE
http://www.arocha.or.ke
Judith Ochieng
Data Clerk
A Rocha Kenya P.O Box 383 80202 Watamu KE
Darlip Mugalo
Intern
A Rocha Kenya P.O Box 383 80202 Watamu KE

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Steve Collins
Lepidopterist
African Butterfly Research Institute P.O. Box 14308 00800 Nairobi KE
David Jenner

Who filled in the metadata:

Steve Collins
Lepidopterist
African Butterfly Research Institute P.O. Box 14308 00800 Nairobi KE
Judith Ochieng
Data Clerk
A Rocha Kenya P.O Box 383 80202 Watamu KE
Colin Jackson
National Director
A Rocha Kenya P.O Box 383 80202 Watamu KE
http://www.arocha.or.ke

Who else was associated with the resource:

Publisher
Lawrence Monda
ICT Manager
National Museums of Kenya P.O Box 40658 00100 Nairobi KE
http://www.museums.or.ke

Geographic Coverage

Butterflies observed in Arabuko-Sokoke Forest.Latitude of 3° 20’S, Longitude 39° 50’E

Bounding Coordinates South West [-3.505, 39.8], North East [-3.198, 40.002]

Taxonomic Coverage

Butterflies recorded within the boundaries of Arabuko-Sokoke Forest reserve. Class: Insecta Order: Lepidoptera Family: Papilionidae, Pieridae, Lycaenidae, Nymphalidae, Hesperiidae

Species  Papilio dardanus Brown, 1776 (Mocker Swallowtail or Flying Handkerchief)
Subspecies  Iolaus aemulus apatosa (Stempffer 1952) (Short-barred Sapphire)

Temporal Coverage

Formation Period Specimens were collected in Arabuko-Sokoke Forest from the early 20th Century up to 2007.

Project Data

The checklist was first compiled by Steve Collins and later edited by David Jenner in 2007. The main listing of species was carried out mainly through personal observations. This list is compiled into the given format through a GBIF project (BID-AF2017-0274-NAC) which seeks to collate and digitise biodiversity data from Arabuko-Sokoke and the surrounding area for research and conservation purposes.

Title Application of biodiversity monitoring data to resolve competing conservation management priorities in an East African forest landscape
Identifier BID-AF2017-0274-NAC
Funding The final formatting and digitisation of checklist was funded by the European Union through the Biodiversity Information for Development project of the Global Biodiversity Information Facility https://www.gbif.org/project/7EOzw96rgAoSKKUgYaoaCe/prioritizing-conservation-management-in-an-east-african-forest-landscape
Study Area Description Arabuko-Sokoke Forest is the largest remaining patch of indigenous coastal forest in East Africa. It is located south of Malindi on the north coast of Kenya at 03° 20’ S, 39° 50’ E. It predominantly consists of three distinct forest habitat types. Cynometra Forest (c. 23,500 ha) is dominated by Cynometra webberi and Manilkara sulcata; it used also to be dominated by Brachylaena huilliensis but this has been largely selectively removed. The Brachystegia Woodland (c. 7,700 ha) is dominated by Brachystegia spiciformis on white sandy soil. Mixed Forest (c.7,000 ha) occurs on the eastern side of the forest and has a diverse tree flora including Afzelia quanzensis (formerly dominant), Hymenaea verrucosa, Combretum schumannii and Manilkara sansibarensis and the cycad Encephalartos hildebrandtii. A series of seasonal wetlands run north-south along the length of the forest where the more clay-rich red soils underlie the permeable white sandy soil of the Brachystegia. Arabuko Swamp is the northernmost of these wetlands and straddles the northern boundary of the forest.
Design Description This checklist represents 282 butterfly species found in Arabuko-Sokoke forest. The first list was compiled by researcher Steve Collins and consolidated by David Jenner in 2007. These data were taken from confirmed site observations, photographs and from published papers, while others were caught by use of sweep nets or butterfly traps. Data were aligned to the Darwin Core Standards before publishing through the IPT at the National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi.

The personnel involved in the project:

Author
Steve Collins
Author
David Jenner
Point Of Contact
Colin Jackson
Processor
Judith Ochieng
Publisher
Lawrence Monda

Sampling Methods

Butterflies were caught through sweep netting or use of butterfly traps and mounted as specimens and kept mainly in the collection of National Museums of Kenya or the African Butterfly Research Institute (ABRI). Furthermore, digital images of butterflies are now preserved on the Virtual Museum (http://vmus.adu.org.za/)

Study Extent Specimens were collected in Arabuko-Sokoke Forest from the early 20th Century up to 2007. The records come from throughout the 42,000 ha of forest reserve – as described in ‘Study Area Description’.
Quality Control The species list was confirmed with the lead author at ABRI together with reference to lepidopterist Mike Clifton at the National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi.

Method step description:

  1. Specimens that were collected from Arabuko-Sokoke Forest were mounted, labelled and preserved in the lepidoptera collection of National Museums of Kenya, ABRI and a number of other national museums around the world. All available references to butterflies of Arabuko-Sokoke were collated and species that were considered out of range or rare were queried through confirmation of the specimen. These data were then compiled into a species list ordered by taxonomic order following Larsen TB (1996).

Bibliographic Citations

  1. Larsen T.B (1996). The Butterflies of Kenya and Their Natural History. Martins, D.J. and Collins S. (2016) Butterflies of East Africa Williams, M.C (2018). A checklist of the Afrotropical Butterflies, 17th edition

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers http://ipt.museums.or.ke/ipt/resource?r=asfbutter2019